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VACCINATONS 

Take note of the following rules:
 
 
39.1 
 
AFRICAN HORSE SICKNESS 
 
administering drugs via injection to thoroughbred horses
39.1.1 
All HORSES and all FOALS shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness by a veterinary surgeon, using a registered, non-expired vaccine according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, in accordance with the programme of vaccination as published from time to time in the RACING CALENDAR. Such vaccine shall be supplied by the Veterinarian administering the vaccine.

 
39.2 
The OWNER, the TRAINER and/or any other PERSON responsible for the care, treatment or training of a HORSE which is required to be vaccinated in accordance with RULE 39.1 shall be individually and jointly responsible for ensuring that such HORSE is so vaccinated.
 
39.3 
The OWNER, the TRAINER and/or any other PERSON responsible for the care, treatment or training of a HORSE which is required to be vaccinated in terms of RULE 39.1 shall be guilty of an offence if such HORSE is not vaccinated as prescribed.
 
 
Rule 39.2 and 39.3 also applies to influenza vaccinations.
 
 
39.7 
 
EQUINE INFLUENZA
 
Administering Injections to thoroughbred horses39.7.1 
All HORSES and all FOALS shall be vaccinated by a PERSON or veterinary surgeon against Equine Influenza both in accordance with the programme of vaccinations and with a non-expired vaccine from the recommended list as determined by the NATIONAL BOARD and as published from time to time in the RACING CALENDAR; provided that only a veterinary surgeon shall supply and administer the vaccine to all HORSES trained by, or under the care, or in the stable of a TRAINER.
 
39.7.9 
Any HORSE or FOAL not vaccinated in accordance with RULE 39.7.1 will be required to be re-vaccinated according to the vaccination programme provided for in RULE 39.7.1
 
 
AFRICAN HORSE SICKNESS VACCINATION PROGRAMME
 
1. 
Acting in Terms of Rule 39.1.1., the NATIONAL BOARD has issued the following directive in respect of the compulsory vaccination of HORSES:
 
2. 
All HORSES, except those resident in Zimbabwe and the area defined in 3. below, shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness by a Veterinarian, using a registered, non-expired, polyvalent horse sickness vaccine according to the manufacturers’ recommendations :-
 
2.1 
As FOALS between the ages of 6 and 12 months and again between the ages of 12 and 18 months, and thereafter, every year between 1 July and 31 December.
 
3. 
No HORSE resident in the magisterial districts of Cape Town, Vredenburg, Hopefield, Moorreesburg, Malmesbury, Wellington, Paarl, Stellenbosch, Kuilsrivier, Goodwood, Wynberg, Bellville, Simonstown, Somerset West, Mitchells Plain and Strand, shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness unless written permission of the Director of Animal Health of the Republic of South Africa has been obtained.
 
4. 
Any HORSE moving from the area described in 3. above to the rest of the country, shall be vaccinated as instructed in writing by a Veterinarian employed by the NATIONAL HORSERACING AUTHORITY.
 
5. 
HORSES resident in Zimbabwe shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness by a PERSON or a Veterinarian using a non-expired, registered, polyvalent horse sickness vaccine according to the schedule prescribed in 2.1and 2.2 above.
 
6. 
All registered stallions and mares standing on stud farms shall be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness by a Veterinarian, using a registered, non-expired, polyvalent horse sickness vaccine according to the manufacturers’ recommendations, at least once every calendar year.
 
 
EQUINE INFLUENZA VACCINATION PROGRAMME
 
1. 
Acting in terms of Rule 39.7.1., the NATIONAL BOARD has issued the following directive in respect of the compulsory vaccination of HORSES:
 
2. 
FOALS shall be given a primary course of vaccinations consisting of 2 vaccinations, administered between 4 and 6 weeks apart, both to be given after the age of 6 months but before 31 July of the year following its birth. Both vaccinations must be the same vaccine from the same manufacturer. Subsequent vaccinations must be given at intervals not exceeding 6 months.
 
3. 
All HORSES on training or spelling establishments shall be vaccinated at intervals not exceeding 6 months.
 
4. 
All registered stallions and mares standing on stud farms shall be vaccinated at intervals not exceeding 12 months.
 
5. 
Notwithstanding 1. to 4. above, a licenced veterinarian in the employ of the NHA may, in his sole discretion, allow a 21 day extension of the 6 month interval as defined in 2. and 3. above.
 
 
MOVEMENT PROTOCOLS 
 
 
NHA AHS vaccine requirements for horses moving out of the AHS surveillance and free zones.
 
1. 
The overriding principle is that according to NHA rules, horses racing outside of the AHS surveillance and free zones must have a valid AHS I and II vaccine, administered between July and December, in order to compete.
 
2. 
This implies that “raiders” must be properly vaccinated with official permission from the State Vet to vaccinate, BEFORE they leave the surveillance or free zone. Where exceptional circumstances dictate that a horse has to be vaccinated in the January to June period in order to race in the rest of the country, permission MAY be granted by the State (and endorsed by the NHA) to do so and such a vaccine would then be considered valid for one year. Ideally though, any horse that a trainer feels may be sent to race elsewhere in the country, should be vaccinated in the July to December period, as is done in the rest of the country. (The State is loathed to allow vaccination of horses in the January to June period, as this is considered the “High Risk” period).
 
3. 
In the case of unvaccinated horses moving to the rest of the country as a permanent transfer or to race for a season (i.e. not to “raid” for a specific race), they MUST be vaccinated within a week of arrival, with the second vaccine administered 21 days later. The horse may NOT race until it has received both vaccinations. Should these vaccinations fall within the January to June period, the horse would then need to be revaccinated again that same year between July and December, in order to comply with the NHA rules.
 
4. 
There is however a principle that has been in place throughout the country, where a horse presented to race with a vaccine discrepancy, is permitted to race that day, but may not compete again until that discrepancy has been rectified. It would therefore be fair to allow a horse from the surveillance/free zone vaccinated within the last 24 months, to leave the surveillance/free zone, compete in one race and return to the surveillance/free zone without having to be revaccinated. However, the assumption is that the horse fulfils ALL State requirements pertaining to moving back into the surveillance/free zone. This would only be allowed once. A horse may not move backwards and forwards between Port Elizabeth and Cape Town on a regular basis for example, without being vaccinated.
 
5. 
Likewise, a horse moving permanently to the rest of the country or to race for a season, would be allowed one race within the first week “unvaccinated”, but then the provisions of point 3 above would apply.
 
6. 
Any queries in this regard MUST be referred to the NHA veterinarians, who will advise you in writing on how to vaccinate. To avoid unnecessary conflict, this should, where possible, take place PRIOR to any horse moving out of the surveillance/free zone.
 
 
An African Horse Sickness control policy has been created by the Western Cape government to control the movement of horses within the AHS Controlled Area. The regulations regarding the requirements to move horses, boundaries of the zones, entry/exit points between the zones, and a map of the zones can be found on the website: http://www.elsenburg.com/. The website also contains the information on current movement bans, and lifting of the movement bans
 
 

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